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Countries with largest natural gas reserves in the Middle East





1. Iran: 

With proven natural gas reserves of 31.9tcm in 2018, Iran holds the biggest natural gas reserves of all nations in the Middle East. The country’s gas reserves account for 16.2% of the world’s total natural gas reserves. The country had a 6.2% share of the world’s total natural gas production in 2018, as the gas field development activities continue to face excessive delays from international sanctions.The country holds more than half of its natural gas reserves in offshore locations, with South Pars being its largest field. This is estimated to contain more than a quarter of the country’s total proved natural gas reserves. Iran shares the field with Qatar, where the field is called North Dome or North field. With estimated recoverable gas reserves of 635tcf.


2. Qatar:

Qatar has the second-biggest natural gas reserves in the Middle East, with 24.7tcm of proven reserves at the end of 2018. The country’s gas reserves account for 12.5% of the world’s total natural gas reserves. Qatar is also the world’s largest exporter of liquefied natural gas (LNG). A majority of the country’s gas reserves are located in the giant offshore North Field. Located in the Persian Gulf, the field is the main source of natural gas production in the country. Discovered in 1971, it is spread over an area of 6,000km2 in water depths of about 65m and contains estimated recoverable gas reserves of 900tcf. In production since 1997, the field is owned and operated by Qatargas and accounts for about 10% of the world’s total proven gas reserves..

 3. United Arab Emirates:

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has the third-biggest gas reserves in the Middle East — at 5.9tcm in 2018. That figure accounts for 3% of the world’s total natural gas reserves, however, UAE has witnessed a steady growth in its gas output in the past ten years, with production increasing from 49bcf in 2008 to 64.7bcf in 2018.Nearly 94% of the country’s proven natural gas reserves are located in Abu Dhabi, with Dubai, Sharjah, and Ras al-Khaimah holding the rest. As most of the country’s reserves are found to contain a relatively high sulfur content, the development of those reserves is said to be economically challenging. About 30% of the gas production in the UAE is used for enhanced oil recovering (EOR) techniques deployed in its fields. These EOR processes and growing local demand have made the country a net importer of natural gas.in November 2018, the Supreme Petroleum Council (SPC) had approved Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC) to go ahead with its new integrated gas strategy.


4.Saudi Arabia:

With proven natural gas reserves of 5.9tcm in 2018, Saudi Arabia has nearly the same amount of reserves as that of the UAE. More than half of its gas reserves are contained in the Ghawar onshore field and the offshore fields Safaniya and Zuluf. The Ghawar field holds a quarter of the country’s gas reserves. The country’s total gas output is used to meet domestic requirements. Other major non-associated gas fields in the country include Karan, Arabiyah and Hasbah. Raw gas produced from the Karan field, which began production in 2011, is transported through a 110km subsea pipeline to the Khursaniyah gas plant for processing.















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